Leuconostoc mesenteroides (L. mesenteroides) are beneficial bacteria you may not have heard about before, but their time for entry into the probiotics world has come.
If you are a vegetable fermentationist, then you are familiar with L. mesenteroides even if you don't realize it.
Leuconostoc mesenteroides is a Gram-positive bacterium in the Firmicutes phylum. It is non-motile, meaning it is incapable of moving on its own, and it is non-sporeforming. It shares the same order as the Lactobacillus, the Lactobacillales order, but from there the two bacteria differ. It is in the Leuconostocaceae family.
The type strain, the one all other strains are compared to, is L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides ATCC 8293.There are 4 different subspecies, cremoris, dextranicum, mesenteroides, and suionicum. As a species, it is a facultative anaerobe.
These bacteria are generally spherical-shaped and form chains or pairs. They are one of the types of bacteria that help to make sauerkraut, some cheeses and kefir what they are, and are critical to such fermentations.
Although these bacteria are capable of causing rare infections in
immune-compromised persons, they are generally known as beneficial
bacteria. One case study that involved human deaths determined that the two separate outbreaks over a period of years were caused by contamination of the parenteral (food-tube feeding) nutrition or liquid-form nutrition, both of which were prepared in the same hospital pharmacy in Spain. The patients receiving the nutrition were extremely ill, but thankfully not everyone who received the nutrition succumbed to the infection.
As more research is performed on this species of bacteria, some strains are making the leap from beneficial bacteria to probiotic. One such strain is L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides NTM048 isolated from green peas.
As a probiotic, NTM048 is shown to have sIgA stimulating activities as well as to influence body-wide immune reactions. sIgA is the immune protein that protects mucosal surfaces, such as your gastrointestinal tract, from invaders like pathogenic bacteria and viruses. By increasing sIgA and influencing the immune response, NTM048 can provide health benefits in protecting you from pathogens and in keeping the intestinal cells healthier and close together.
While not in itself considered a probiotic, another strain produces a prebiotic that is shown to support the growth of some Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. This prebiotic also showed an inhibitory effect on human colon cancer cells in vitro.
L. mesenteroides are found on many types of fresh produce. They produce acids and bacteriocins, special antibacterial chemicals, which reduce or eliminate pathogens in ferments and in your body.
Please, DO NOT copy any content on this website. I provide original, informative content for my readers and you should do the same.
If not provided, references are available upon request.
Thanks for visiting this site! If you've enjoyed reading this page or have found the information to be useful to you, please "like", tweet about it, or share it so others can benefit, too.
Sometimes Facebook takes a few seconds for Facebook commenting to load on mobile devices OR Facebook temporarily does not allow comments on a page. If this happens to you, I apologize in advance. Waiting a few seconds or commenting on other pages may work just fine. Thanks for your understanding!
Comment with Disqus (including as a guest), Twitter or Google accounts:
If you are one of my many readers without a Facebook account, you can still comment.
Disclaimer: The information contained in this site is educational in nature and is not intended as diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure for any physical or mental disease, nor is it intended as a substitute for regular medical care. Consult with your doctor regarding any health or medical concerns you may have.
Subscribe to my monthly newsletter with news you can use to transform your health!
Get some help with weight loss and using cultured foods and drinks with my free report: "A Shocking Meal Plan for Weight Loss" when you sign up for my monthly newsletter, "Nutritionist Notes."